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4 Features That Make Water jet Cutting Perfect For Metal Fabrications

Compared to other cutting processes, waterjet cutting produces cleaner results, better precision, and lower costs while avoiding some of the disadvantages of different methods, such as thermal distortion and rough edges.

Water jet cutter has grown more popular as a cutting process for various tasks throughout the years. This article will assist you in deciding whether or not a waterjet cutting machine is the best option for your subsequent work.

Cold Cutting

Unlike most other cutting methods, waterjet cutting is a cold method. The term “cold cutting” refers to the lack of heat created on the component being cut. The water absorbs the small amount of heat produced.

The heat-affected zone (HAZ) is a region where hot temperatures distort the material, causing chemical and structural alterations resulting in vividly colored bands surrounding the area.

machinery

HAZ can damage and deform components, resulting in a faulty cut that needs additional labor. Because water jet cutting is a cold cutting technique, the material is not heated. Therefore there are no heat-affected zones or thermal deformation.

It Can Cut Almost Any Material

Metals are the most common materials cut by a waterjet. Particularly aluminum because of its softness and can be cut rapidly. Waterjets are capable of cutting a wide range of materials. The two primary materials that waterjets can’t miss are diamonds and tempered glass.

Some modern ceramics are so hard that cutting them isn’t cost-effective. Some composite materials can’t be cut because water can pressurize the in-between layers and cause the fabrics to delaminate.

However, certain composite materials may be easily cut, and there are ways for cutting laminated materials that are incredibly successful.

Additional Finishing Not Needed

laboratory processingIt usually only takes one session with the water jet to get the precise cut you want. Unlike many other cutting processes, no further finishing is generally necessary. It’s ready to take with you after it finishes cutting.

The waterjet’s fineness and precision provide a satin-smooth edge with minimum kerf. Water jets typically has a 0.02” comprehensive stream, resulting in a tight kerf that removes practically minimal material.

If the operator is handling a valuable or hazardous item, this can be pretty useful. Finally, when the kerf width is kept to a minimum, you may save a lot of money and have more material to work with.

Applies to a Wide Range of Industries

The versatility of a waterjet machine’s cutting capabilities makes it beneficial in a broad range of sectors. Waterjet cutting is used in the following industries:

  • Automotive
  • Manufacturing
  • Model Shops/ Rapid Prototyping
  • Aerospace

Choose Your Water Jet Cutting Machine

Your cuts may require varied edge quality depending on what the cut pieces will be intended for. Water jut cutting can make your fabrication project happen.

 

WaterJet Cutting Versus Laser Cutting

Waterjet Cutting Machine

Water jet cutting and laser jet cutting are two of the most well known and widely used material cutting methods. With respect to the material in question and the result, you desire to have, one of them is going to be highly appropriate for a given application. Paramount to optimizing the benefits these two material cutting methods can bring lies on how profound we understand their fundamental differences, most especially in terms of the processes involved and the materials they are known to work well with.

Water Jet Cutting Machine

Unlike laser cutters, waterjet cutter machines utilize pressurized water to cut through any given material. In order to further intensify its cutting power, abrasive materials like aluminum oxide and garnets can be added to the pressurized water.

The working idea behind waterjet cutter was inspired by the erosion of soil in nature, just that it is done with so much more intensity and at a higher concentration and speeds. Imagine, an extremely powerful, high-pressure water pump forcing water through rigid hoses. This will result in a strong jet of water. For water jet, It is typical for them to produce an impressive output of 4 to 7 kilowatts of power. The water jet is unlike laser cutters. The source or point of origin of the laser is coming inside the machine itself, the pump and the work area are not together but separate.

Applications and Materials

Water jets are capable of cutting through almost every imaginable material there is, including a combination of 2 or more materials. Even though this method can cut through a wide spectrum of materials, delamination is one of its possible downsides. It can also handle your needs for 3D material cutting. Additionally, the cutting of materials that gives you limited access to the target area is possible but presents great challenge or difficulty.

Water jet technology allows you to carry out structuring, cutting ablation. It lets you handle several materials including ceramics, stone, and even thick metals. Materials with a thickness level of 0.4 to inches can benefit from the use of the water jet method.

LaserJet Cutting

Laser cutting machines solely relies on a gas laser for energy, typically CO2. The CO2 gas is going to be transmitted via a beam, under the guidance of a mirror before it is finally directed at the material.

The source of the CO2 laser is situated inside the machine itself. As for the beam, this can come in the range of 1500 2600 watts of power. If you want to consider the use of laser cutters, applications, materials, safety, and precision are a few of the important factors that you’ll need to take into account.

Applications and Materials

Laser cutters can handle the cutting of a variety of materials. This would include glass, plastic, wood, and all kinds of metals, except for reflective metals. In case that the material is a combination of metals, and have different melting points, it will bring along a certain level of challenge to cut through it.

Sandwich structures that come with cavities may never be completely cut with a CO2 laser. The same is also true for materials that have limited access. As for 3D material cutting, it also presents difficulty in managing due to the rigid beam guidance.